What are the hazards associated with confined spaces?
- Toxic Atmosphere
- Oxygen Deficiency
- Oxygen Enrichment
An excess of oxygen, in the presence of combustible materials, results in an increased risk of fire and explosion. Some materials, which do not burn in air,
- Flammable or Explosive Atmospheres
- Flowing Liquid or Free Flowing Solids
- Excessive Heat
The enclosed nature of a confined space can increase the risk of heat stroke or collapse from heat stress
What are the legal requirements in regard to confined space entry?
Regulation 5 states that:
- A person shall not carry out work in Confined Spaces if it is reasonably practical that it could be avoided
- If the work must be carried out Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment must be carried out prior to the work commencing
- A person shall not enter a confined space unless there is a system of work in place that has been planned, organized, performed and maintained so as to render that work safe and without risk to health
Anyone entering a confined space must be provided with appropriate information, training and instruction appropriate to the particular characteristics of the proposed work activities
What are legal requirements in relation to Emergency Arrangements for confined spaces?
- A person shall not enter a confined space unless there is a suitable emergency arrangements have been made which are appropriate to the confined space in question
- The emergency arrangements shall include:
– All practical measures necessary to ensure the health and safety of those taking part in the rescue
– The provision of a suitable and reliable means of raising the alarm in the event of an emergency
– Having all necessary rescue equipment nearby and in a well maintained, good condition